What Happened In 1655 In Jamaica? In 1655, the English invaded Jamaica, and defeated the Spanish. Some African slaves took advantage of the political turmoil and escaped to the island’s interior mountains, forming independent communities which became known as the Maroons.

What historical event happened in 1718 in Jamaica? 1718 The first printing press was set up in Jamaica. The first newspaper was issued. 1722 The island produced 11,000 hogsheads of sugar.

What did Christopher Columbus call Jamaica? This occurred on his second voyage to the West Indies. Columbus had heard about Jamaica, then called Xaymaca, from the Cubans who described it as “the land of blessed gold”.

What does Xaymaca mean?

Indegenous People of Jamaica The Tainos were a gente people who named the island “Xaymaca,” meaning “land of wood and water.” The words “hurricane,” “tobacco,” and “barbecue” were also derived from their language.

Why did Penn and Venables capture?

The attack on Hispaniola failed miserably as a result of the bickering between Penn and Venables, together with the poor quality of the recruits. Fearing the wrath of Cromwell if they returned empty-handed, Penn and Venables decided to make a surprise attack on Jamaica, which was then poorly defended.

What important event happened in Jamaica in 1938?

In 1937, there were numerous deaths as strikes descended into riots, while the sugar workers’ and Kingston labourers’ strike in Jamaica in 1938 resulted in riots and 46 deaths. At least 429 were injured, with thousands detained and prosecuted. Women played a crucial role at almost every level of the popular protests.

What took place in 1692 in Jamaica?

On June 7, 1692, a massive earthquake devastates the town of Port Royal in Jamaica, killing thousands. The strong tremors, soil liquefaction and a tsunami brought on by the earthquake combined to destroy the entire town.

Why did Jamaicans leave Jamaica?

Reasons for emigration Job opportunities aimed at Jamaicans in Britain in post-war reconstruction in the 1940s, unemployment during the 1950s, and rising crime following the country’s independence in 1962 and slow economic growth also influenced increased Jamaican emigration.

What event happened in 1944 in Jamaica?

General elections were held in Jamaica on 12 December 1944. The result was a victory for the Jamaica Labour Party, which won 22 of the 32 seats. Voter turnout was 58.7%.

Why was the Morant Bay rebellion?

The Jamaicans were protesting injustice and widespread poverty. Most freedmen were prevented from voting by high poll taxes, and their living conditions had worsened following crop damage by floods, cholera and smallpox epidemics, and a long drought.

Why is Jamaica named Jamaica?

The name Jamaica is derived from Xaymaca, the Taíno-Arawak name for the island, which translates, as ‘isle of springs’. Jamaica was charted by Christopher Columbus during his second voyage and the first Europeans to arrive on the island were the Spanish in 1509.

What did Columbus do in Jamaica?

Jamaica. On May 3, 1494, Christopher Columbus sighted the island of Jamaica. Spanish colonists settled the island fifteen years later, and it fell into British hands in 1655. Although the Spanish introduced slavery to Jamaica, the British oversaw its development.

Who was the first national hero of Jamaica?

The Order of National Hero was created by the National Honours and Awards Act, which was passed by Parliament in 1969. This act also designated Paul Bogle, George William Gordon, and Marcus Garvey as the first three recipients of the honour.

What did the British bring to Jamaica?

British Colonization brought the trans-Atlantic slave trade, and with it came West African cuisine. This includes classics like jerk sauce, which traces its roots to West African jerk pork. It’s also the source of the famous ackee fruit, which is a part of Jamaica’s national dish, Ackee and Saltfish.

When did Britain take over Jamaica?

In 1655 a British expedition under Admiral Sir William Penn and General Robert Venables captured Jamaica and began expelling the Spanish, a task that was accomplished within five years.

How was Spain’s monopoly broken?

Despite her attempts, England, Holland and France managed to oppose Spain’s monopoly in several ways; through exploration, piracy/privateering/buccaneering, smuggling (trading illegally with Spanish colonists) and settlement.

What is a river Mumma?

River Mumma is an African retention in the vein of protective water spirits like Mami Wata or the Orisha Yemoja. When it comes to crossing a river she inhabits, she allows those with good intentions to cross her waters; the others either turn back or drown.

What is the golden table?

The Spaniards left this table, made of solid gold, during their quest for gold many centuries ago. River Mumma guards that table. But often at noon, on the hottest of blazing-hot days, the Golden Table will rise slowly to the surface and hover there. When the greedy see that table, they long to steal it.